G-I/ Gabriel - Israel






“valiant or man of God”, in Hebrew. Gabriel is an angel, a messenger of God.
He is the angel of the Annunciation.





See The Garden of Olives.





“skull” in Aramaic. See Calvary.



Gospels (canonical and apocryphal)


The four Gospels written in the first century were recognised by the Church
as common to all the communities; they are known as canonical gospels.
Those written later for particular communities are called apocryphal
or “kept secret” in Greek. A few apocrypha were used because they developed
elements belonging to the marvellous which were absent from the canonical
Gospels; they concern in particular Mary and the childhood of Christ
(Nativity, Holy Family) but also the Crucifixion (Crosses; Holy Face).



High Priest


The Chief Priest who conducts the cult; Aaron, Moses’ brother was
the first one; his role grew with the institution of the Temple.
The High Priests succeed one another every year but together they
form an influent group who are fighting against Jesus; Anne and
Caiaphas are mentioned in the Gospels. See Christ’s Trial.





“Let God smile”, in Hebrew. The son of the promise given by God
to Abraham and Sarah, he is saved from death at Abraham’s sacrifice.
He marries Rebecca and God gives twins to them, Esau and Jacob.
The latter cheats his blessing out of him (Jacob’s blessing).





“let God hear”, in Hebrew. The son of Abraham and of his maid-servant Hagar.
Conceived with the agreement of Sarah, Abraham’s wife, when she was sterile,
he is sent away with his mother Hagar after Isaac’s birth. (See a representation with the Annunciation)





“strong against God” in Hebrew. It is the name given by God to Jacob.
It designates the whole people descending from him, the sons of Israel.
It is the name given to the kingdom of Samaria between 935 and
721 BC and given to the Jewish state created in 1948.


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